ADVANTAGES OF EARLY INTERVENTION/ PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS
In 1962, the Perry Preschool/High Scope Project developed a preschool and a curriculum based on problem solving and active learning for poor minority students. A longitudinal study 40 years later continues to prove the benefits of this project. The children who attended preschool were compared to a control group who had not attended preschool. The participants of the Perry Preschool were less likely to be in special education, their attitude toward school was better, their parents were enthusiastic about their children’s schooling, more graduated high school, they scored higher on tests of literacy, more attended college, more had jobs, less were in jail or arrested for violent crimes, more positive decisions were made concerning family life. It appeared that preschool gave theses children the “intellectual tools to do better in school.”.
Many preschool children who have been enrolled in an early intervention program typically do not need as much special education support upon entering kindergarten. Preschool sets the stage for the children and their parents.
When children transition from preschool to kindergarten the preschool staff can provide a bridge that develops an appropriate support plan that begins on the first day of kindergarten. These plans may include:
- Behavior management plans
- Health Care Action plans
- Description of strengths and strategies that work for individual children
Individual Education Programs are developed for children with special needs Intensive intervention has closed the gaps of learning skills training to the kindergarten staff specific to the child’s needs.
Preschool provides a safe environment where children are encouraged to problem solve as they learn concepts and readiness skills that facilitate development in literacy, math, speech and language, social skills, small and large muscles, and self help skills.